On December 14, 1819, Alabama became the 22nd U.S. state.

Explore some of the factors affecting this milestone in the state’s history.

Read about the conquest of the Creek Nation. The seizure of these lands was instrumental in rendering Alabama’s statehood possible; this story is told in Gregory A. Waselkov’s A Conquering Spirit: Fort Mims and the Redstick war of 1813-1814. Also explore some of the social changes in this region in Claudio Saunt’s A New Order of Things: Property, Power, and the Transformation of the Creek Indians, 1733-1816 .

Learn more about Alabama and its history on the state’s topic page in Credo Reference. See especially the Creek land and statehood section under the History heading.

View a map showing delegates to Alabama’s 1819 Constitutional Convention, from the Alabama Department of Archives and History.


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