In 1945, the World War II Allies, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States met at Potsdam, Germany where they discussed the political order of Europe and issued a declaration for the unconditional surrender of Japan. Due to the fact that Japan had not surrendered, the belief that a direct invasion of Japan would cause high numbers of casualties for the United States and as a show of resolve to the Soviet Union, President Harry S. Truman ordered the launch of an atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the bomb carried in B-29 plane, was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The combined heat and blast generated fires that burned 4.4 square miles and immediately killed some 70,000 people, with a death toll that would pass 100,000 by the end of the year. A second bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945 led to a Japanese surrender and the end of the Second World War.
Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin. August 1, 1945.
- Watch President Truman Announce the Bombing of Hiroshima
- Watch the story of Japan and the Atom Bombs
Library of Congress. “Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin. August 1, 1945.”Retrieved on: August 4, 2016. Retrieved from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/96522042/
World War II. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved August 2, 2016 from http://academic.eb.com.library.emmanuel.edu:2048/levels/collegiate/article/110199