Bombing of Hiroshima: Seventy-Six Years Later

In 1945, the World War II Allies, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States met at Potsdam, Germany where they discussed the political order of Europe and issued a declaration for the unconditional surrender of Japan. Due to the fact that Japan had not surrendered, the belief that a direct invasion of Japan would cause high numbers of casualties for the United States and as a show of resolve to the Soviet Union, President Harry S. Truman ordered the launch of an atomic bomb.  On August 6, 1945, the bomb carried in B-29 plane, was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The combined heat and blast generated fires that burned 4.4 square miles and immediately killed some 70,000 people, with a death toll that would pass 100,000 by the end of the year. A second bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945 led to a Japanese surrender and the end of the Second World War.

Potsdam

Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin. August 1, 1945.

Works Cited:

Library of Congress. “Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin.  August 1, 1945.”Retrieved on: August 4, 2016. Retrieved from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/96522042/

World War II. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved August 2, 2016 from  http://academic.eb.com.library.emmanuel.edu:2048/levels/collegiate/article/110199 

 

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